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What is Geography?     updated February 2019 

Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments.  Geographers are interested in Earth's physical features such as mountains, deserts, rivers and oceans.  They are also interested in the ways that people affect and are affected by the natural world.


Year 1 Geography

Year 1 begins to explore the local area that is familiar with children with a focus on our capital city, London. Children will explore maps and using compass directions and be able to identify key parts of the UK, continents and oceans.  


Studying aerial photographs of both local and unknown locations, children will be able to pick out different features and begin to draw their own maps with a key.


They will also study the weather, looking for patterns in the UK and comparing to weather across the world.  


During Year 1 the children will also compare their local area to Brazil and find out more about this country identifying similarities and differences.


Year 2 Geography

Year 2 builds on work started in Year 1 with looking at satellite images of the earth and identifying features already identified in Year 1.  They will continue to use and make maps of increasing complexity showing locational knowledge.  They will explore their local town, conducting fieldwork and identifying human and physical features. 


Human features of amazing structures around the world will build on their understanding of place and consolidate knowledge of key parts of the world. 


Year 3 Geography

During Year 3 children will start to develop deeper knowledge in particular physical features such as volcanoes and also discover why earthquakes take place they will also investigate rivers, both local and across the world.   Continuation of map skills and knowledge of places will be linked to pupils' particular topic areas, such as identifying where in the world certain animals are found using atlases, globe and online maps.


Year 4 Geography

During Year 4 children will continue to apply their growing geographical knowledge to other topics and subjects in order to form deep learning and to make links across their learning.  They will make use of maps, atlases, globes and online mapping to locate countries and describe physical features studied.  They will name and locate countries and cities of the UK, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics. 


Through a detailed study on mountains, children will begin to have an understanding of how they were formed and how they are different.  They will study the climate surrounding mountains and consolidate their understanding of the water cycle. They will investigate UK mountain ranges and hills and find out about flora and fauna of the mountains and why they are different. Contour lines will also be explored through OS maps to help children to be able to use maps correctly. Pupils will then compare their knowledge about the UK to other mountainous parts of the world. 


Year 5 Geography

Year 5 will focus on how human activity has impacted and/or changed the physical and human characteristics of a place in the world.  They will compare their knowledge of the UK to Greece and describe how physical and human processes give a continent its unique characteristics. They will also study environmental impact looking at the effect of commercial and industrial activity on the environment and suggest ways to improve it and consider if the weather is affected by environmental issues and how this can have an affect on insects and crop growth. 


Year 6 Geography

Year 6 will look closely at climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts and be able to explain how these affect the physical and human features of the antarctic and South America.  They will describe in detail the human characteristics of some of the largest cites of the United Kingdom, taking into account population, economic activity and transport systems.  They will describe how climate, ecology and people are affected by the cold and describe the freezing and thawing processes thinking about how extreme climates affect the lives of the people living there and the human and physical geography.  They will look for, and identify , geographical patterns on a range of scales applying all their knowledge and skills that they have developed throughout their primary school career.