Children will learn about the past in order to understand the present. History is the story of the people on our planet. It is the human story. The story of everything that people have ever done since recognisable humans first evolved between 150 000 and 200 000 years ago. It is the story of changing human cultures, politics, lifestyles, beliefs and creativity.
History is much more than a record of events; it is the examination of the past which demands critical use of evidence. History is the process of enquiry, the search for evidence and the examination of this evidence by sorting, evaluating and weighing it.
Historians use this evidence to imaginatively reconstruct the past - but this is nearly always incomplete. So Historians use their skills to fill in the gaps and imagine and infer how it might have been.